Recidivism is used as an indicator of a juvenile justice system’s success, but for two former juvenile offenders, it doesn’t tell the whole story.
Because of overhanging federal authority, Native American kids are more likely to end up in the federal justice system than their non-Native peers. But there is no such thing as a federal juvenile justice system.
The 1954 Brown v. Board of Education landmark Supreme Court decision desegregated schools, but it also laid groundwork for the school-to-prison pipeline.
Kids can be pushed further into the juvenile justice system when they are unable to pay court fees, fines and restitution, leaving their families with debt.
Texas-based advocacy groups are working to pass a bill to shorten long juvenile prison sentences.
The Supreme Court case In re Gault recognized that kids have the same legal rights as adults. But kids in the U.S. still don’t have adequate access to lawyers.